It is essential that carefully matched decodable books are used alongside a school's synthetic
/ linguistic phonics programme for all early independent reading practice
and for catch-up / intervention -see Decodable Books
Check that your school's KS1 phonics programme is
fail-safe i.e. it explicitly teaches the full range of
*common spellings found in the English alphabet code. This
ensures mastery for all and
avoids the need for an additional spelling scheme in Y2 and KS2. Also
check that your chosen programme is
content-rich, providing plenty of real words and text for
reading and spelling practice. *Prof.McGuinness's
analysis of the English code's probability structure revealed
that approx.175 spellings are common and account for around
90% of all words in print.
The following primary programmes were included
in the government's match-funded phonics
initiative (the ESPO catalogue) having been
independently assessed and found to meet the strict
For guidance only: primary X primary intervention X secondary/adult intervention X parents at home X student teachers X
Sounds~Write http://www.sounds-write.co.uk/ XXX
This scripted linguistic phonics classroom programme includes the
advanced spelling code. It is designed
for YR/KS1/2 but can be used with all ages for intervention. As this is an instruction-led approach to reading and spelling the programme's teaching manual is only available WITH 4 days training.
S-W's interactive whiteboard presentations: initial code and extended code.
App for iPad. XX https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/id769196201?mt=8&affId=1736887
Linguistic Phonics Initial / Basic Code app. 1st three units are free. ''This app offers a variety of activities to develop the skills of blending and segmenting, sound spelling correspondence, word reading and writing and some sentences reading and writing''. N.B. Parental/
carer/tutor supervision needed when using the app.
Free online XX 'Help your child to
read and write' Part 1
(Initial Code Units 1-7) practical course for
parents/carers/homeschoolers: teach your rising 4-6 yr old
child how to read and spell.
XX (£) online
'Help your child to read and write'
Part 2 (Initial Code Units 8-11)
Phonics International (PI) XXX
Debbie Hepplewhite's online
synthetic phonics programme. N.B. not interactive and must be
*printed out* to use.
Comprehensive range of resources including decodable texts & instructions for teaching the basic and advanced
English Alphabet Code.
also published as hard copy consumables: No Nonsense Phonics:
a set of nine teacher books + pupil workbooks.
Teach Primary's review of Phonics International
Teach Secondary's review of Phonics International
XX Online synthetic phonics training https://phonicstrainingonline.com/
XX Early Years Starter Package: Young-child resources for children aged 3-5,
for pre-school settings and parents who want to make an early
start with synthetic phonics + Teeny Reading Seeds: Resources
for approximately 3-4 yr.olds as they begin to make links
between speech sounds and the 26 alphabet letters.
S ou n d R ea d i ng S y s t e m (SRS) XXX http://soundreadingsystem.co.uk/
A scripted linguistic phonics one-to-one intervention programme,
based on the work of Prof. Diane McGuinness. It
includes the advanced spelling code and integrated decodable
Highly suitable for 'dyslexics' and struggling or non-readers of all ages including adults.
The programme has also been used successfully as a whole-class early reading programme and
in FE Colleges, Academies and Youth Offender Institutions. The
Dyslexia-SpLD trust placed the SRS programme in their top category of effectiveness as an intervention for all age groups, 'remarkable' in all three areas; reading accuracy, comprehension and spelling. As this is an instruction-led approach to reading and spelling, the programme's teaching manual and materials are only available WITH 4 days training. Please contact Fiona Nevola for training details: fiona.nevola at gmail.com.
Sounds Together X http://soundstogether.co.uk/ Complete synthetic phonics programme for YR/KS1 - resources, lesson plans, interactive whiteboard materials and decodable texts.
Sound Discovery. www.syntheticphonics.net XXX
Synthetic phonics programme to teach reading, writing and
Read Write Inc (RWI) Pub. OUP. X http://www.oup.com/oxed/primary/rwi/transformingprogrammes/
Ruth Miskin's scripted synthetic phonics programme for primary schools. It is the only programme that specifically recommends putting children into fluid 'ability groups' for phonics lessons.
The RWI materials are available with or without training.
- RWI. XX Fresh Start: 'Catch-up' reading, writing, spelling and grammar activities
for children in Year 5 upwards with age appropriate integral texts for reading
''It basically consists of 34 'workbooks' (modules) which progress from extremely simple to complex'' (Secondary school HLTA)
- RWI XXX One to one phonics tutoring kit for ages 4-9. Starts at CVC level.
Tutoring Kit review: http://www.teachprimary.com/tried_and_tested/view/one-to-one-phonics-tutoring-kit
Caution: The RWI programmes are based around purchased consumables - expensive, but saves preparation time and helps ensure programme fidelity. N.B. RWI's 'Red words' are
not 'sight words, to be memorised as whole shapes; Ruth Miskin says ''Help children look for the letters that “work” and ones that are tricky'' in the Red words. RWI also uses nonsense words, but only for assessment at the end of a lesson to check that children can read recent graphemes in new or nonsense words. ''We advise only two or three."
Floppy's Phonics Sounds and Letters. Pub. OUP X
Well designed and comprehensive range of resources. Uses
Letters&Sounds GPC introduction order. The teaching handbooks include interactive whiteboard CD-ROMS. ''The heart of the programme is the Alphabetic Code Chart to help your children 'crack the code', support the learning of alternative phonemes and to reinforce phonics''.
Teach Primary review: http://www.teachprimary.com/tried_and_tested/view/floppy-phonics-sounds-and-letters
Jolly Phonics. Pub. Jolly Learning. XX http://jollylearning.co.uk/
Synthetic phonics programme (unscripted) and resources.
Straightforward to use and suitable for nursery/pre-school/Y1.
http://tcrw.co.uk/ Sue Lloyd's own website
'Teaching Children to Read and Write' -videos and free resources.
That Reading Thing www.thatreadingthing.com X
online training in a remedial linguistic phonics one-to-one programme,
specifically designed to be used with teenagers and adults.
That Spelling Thing
Book and training for teaching spelling to teenagers and adults.
NEW. 2019. X
The Education and Training Foundation (ETF) now offers CPD in
'Approaches to the teaching of phonics post-16' Entry Level.
For information only: DfE's synthetic
phonics 'programme' Letters and Sounds (L&S)
Cautions: L&S Phase 1 is phonological awareness activities without letters, not synthetic phonics. This is an unscripted, deliberately resourceless generic framework for teaching synthetic phonics, originally provided as a stop-gap/fall-back programme for schools and has now been archived. It is NOT recommended for use without very
high-quality training and appropriate resources (e.g OUP's Floppy's Phonics or
Rising Star's Rocket Phonics decodable books). The ‘phases’ of L&S were never intended as a means of differentiation but as steps for introducing the various letter/s-sound correspondences systematically. Additionally, children should not
be asked to memorise any of the 300 high frequency words listed in L&S, as whole
shapes- see L&S Notes of Guidance p15/16
Scroll down to base of page for more info. on L&S.
X Read Elizabeth Nonweiler's review of L&S http://www.nonweiler.demon.co.uk/page14.html
Spelfabet's linguistic phonics resources.
Comprehensive range of materials to teach a linguistic phonics one-to-one intervention programme including workbooks and games. Spelfabet is Australian but the materials can be
paid for and downloaded internationally using Paypal. N.B. resources include some Aus.vocab.
Phonicbooks linguistic phonics resources: workbooks and games.
Each decodable book series has a linked photocopiable workbook with writing/spelling practice sheets and games. Training in linguistic phonics recommended to gain maximum benefit from the materials.
X Forward with Phonics.
the Sounds-Write programme and linguistic phonics
resources to use with older teenagers and adults.
X Debbie Hepplewhite's free, comprehensive Alphabet Code chart specifically designed for student teachers, includes IPA symbols and synthetic phonics teaching principles.
OUP's synthetic phonics spelling dictionary based on Floppy's
Oaktree Designs set of 3 beautifully illustrated phonics wildlife friezes: ''The name of each creature is written at the top in black and the graphemes which combine to make the word are along the bottom''
Free download (colour printer needed) First Phonics Picture Book for pre-schoolers -all 44 sounds covered. http://www.spelfabet.com.au/materials/spelling%20sounds
- For teaching French reading, writing and spelling. In the
same format as The Phonics Handbook, Le manuel phonique
introduces the main 36 letter sounds in French, with 'actions'
for each one, and activity sheets + wall frieze
Spanish Alphabet Code chart -useful to compare with the English Alphabet Code chart -see above.
A unique Spanish (Latin America) systematic synthetic phonics reading, writing and spelling programme written by Grace Vilar, from Argentina, and Debbie Hepplewhite.
ABeCeDarian reading program is a comprehensive linguistic
phonics program that also teaches spelling and handwriting
Teaching English in Japan (EFL) using linguistic
Letters and Sounds:
In England, the now most widely used synthetic phonics
programme, the government's Letters and Sounds (L&S), was
not intended, according to the then DCSF, to replace the
fully-resourced, 'tried and tested in the classroom', synthetic
phonics programmes which were already available commercially.
L&S was hastily produced by the DCSF purely as a
fall-back/stop-gap programme for schools, with the official
status of 'guidance'. The then Labour government wanted all
English primary schools to start using synthetic phonics as
quickly as possible, with no excuses, after its acceptance of
the recommendations in the 2006 Rose Report.
Most schools turned to L&S automatically because it was free
(the government sent 6 copies of L&S to every primary school in
England), government-produced, and therefore viewed as being
unsullied by commercialism, but also because most LEAs put
pressure on schools in their areas to use it along with LEA-provided training. Unfortunately, in the majority of
cases, the LEAs' L&S trainers were exactly the same people who
had been delivering NLS 'mixed method' training only a short
The L&S pack contained two books. One was the 'Six-phase
Teaching Programme', the other was 'Notes of Guidance for
Practitioners and Teachers'. The second booklet, despite
containing all the important detail of how to teach the
L&S programme, usually went unread.
To limit any conflict of interest with the commercial
programmes, L&S was produced without any essential resources
such as decodable books. Most of the schools that took up L&S
simply carried on using the school's old, leveled, whole
language scheme books with their beginning readers, usually
along with a hastily improvised mixture of mis-matched 'phonics'
materials. As a result, one of the key concepts of the Rose
report, 'fidelity to the programme', was regularly neglected and
decoding using multi-cueing continued to be necessary if
children were expected to 'read' the leveled scheme books independently.